It is no secret to anyone that the consumption of vitamins is one of the most important aspects for the proper functioning of the body. The vast majority of these nutrients can be found in different types of foods of natural origin, but others are usually found in capsules.
However, although the intake of vitamins is of vital importance for the human being, they should not be consumed in disproportionate amounts, since if this is done, the body will not be able to absorb them in the best way and this can generate counterproductive effects.
“Vitamins are substances that the body needs to grow and develop normally. Your body needs 13 vitamins,” he explains. MedlinePlus. These are:
To emphasize vitamin D, it is well known to help the body absorb calcium and can be obtained in three ways, through the skin from the sun, in the diet and in supplements. This mineral also helps prevent some diseases. According to him National Institutes of Healththese are:
1. Osteoporosis. “Consuming the recommended amounts of vitamin D and calcium through food (and supplements, if needed) helps maintain healthy bones and prevent osteoporosis. Vitamin D and calcium supplements slightly increase bone strength in older adultsalthough it is not known with certainty if they reduce the risk of falls or fractures”, explains the entity.
2. Cancer. “Clinical trials indicate that while vitamin D supplements (with or without calcium) do not affect cancer risk, they may slightly reduce the risk of death from cancer. More research is needed to more precisely determine the role of vitamin D in preventing cancer and cancer-related mortality.”
3. Heart disease. “Vitamin D is important for heart and blood vessel health and maintaining normal blood pressure. Some studies indicate that vitamin D supplements may reduce blood cholesterol levels and high blood pressure, two of the main risk factors for heart disease.
4. Depression. “Vitamin D is necessary for the proper functioning of the brain. Some studies have found links between low levels of vitamin D in the blood and an increased risk of depression.
5. Multiple sclerosis. “People who live near the equator are more exposed to the sun and have higher levels of vitamin D. In addition, it is rare for them to develop multiple sclerosis (MS), a disease that affects the nerves that carry messages from the brain to the rest of the body. body”, concludes the institute.
Lack of vitamin D: muscle pain and weakness, among the main symptoms
Vitamin D deficiency can cause symptoms such as fatigue, bone pain, and cramps in adults, and may be caused by factors such as obesity, lack of sun exposure, low intake of food sources, and/or low absorption of this vitamin.
According to the website Your Health, There are other symptoms that can occur when the body does not have sufficient levels of vitamin D:
- Growth retardation in children.
- Bowing of the legs in children.
- Enlargement of the leg and arm bones.
- Delay in the birth of teeth and the early appearance of caries in babies.
- Osteomalacia or osteoporosis in adults.
- Weakness in the bones, increasing the risk of suffering a fracture.
- Muscle pain.
- Bone pain.
- Fatigue and general malaise.