these are the symptoms to look out for

One of the most diagnosed diseases in recent times is high blood pressure or hypertension, this condition is frequently generated in elderly patients; however, it can be diagnosed in young people, but it is less frequent.

Just as it can rise, so too There are patients who are lowered more than what is due, although this condition is less frequent, it also usually requires medical monitoring.

The web portal of medicine and health of the United States, Medline Plus, explains that every time the heart beats, it pumps blood that travels through the arteries. Blood pressure increases when this organ transports red fluid through its heartbeat.; in a process called systolic pressure. When the heart is at rest, between beats, blood pressure drops and is known as diastolic pressure.

People who have high blood pressure rarely have symptoms; For this reason, patients must have medical check-ups frequently or whenever indicated by the doctor.

Salmon helps lower blood pressure. – Photo: Getty Images

According to Mayo Clinica non-profit entity dedicated to clinical practice, education and research to learn how to manage this pathology, people are classified in some of the following groups:

  • Pre-hypertensive: They are people with systolic pressure of 120 to 129 mm Hg and diastolic pressure below 80 mm Hg. It is still not considered a clear diagnosis of arterial hypertension, but the values ​​are above those that are classified as normal.
  • First degree hypertension: when the systolic pressure exceeds 130 mm Hg and does not exceed 140 mm Hg, or the diastolic pressure is between 80 and 89 mm Hg; there is already grade 1 hypertension.
  • Second degree hypertension: these patients have repeated values ​​of systolic blood pressure greater than 140 mm Hg and diastolic greater than 90 mm Hg. This is a pathological picture that can damage vital organs in the medium term.
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the same portal He mentions some of the symptoms that are noticeable in some patients, especially when their blood pressure is below the appropriate standards, but to know this, one must know the indicators.

The health and personal care portal Tips and Tricks explains that “for normal blood pressure, the diastolic pressure does not exceed 95 mmHg and the systolic pressure does not exceed 140 mmHg. However, if both your diastolic and systolic pressures are much lower, your blood pressure may be too low. For women, this translates to a blood pressure below 100 over 60. For men, it’s a little higher: 110 over 70″.

Blood pressure
Hypotension is a condition that is not so well known, but one that must be taken into account when it occurs, since it can be a fatal disease. – Photo: Getty Images


Symptoms of low blood pressure can include:

  • Blurry vision.
  • Confusion.
  • Vertigo.
  • Fainting (syncope).
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea or vomiting.
  • Drowsiness.
  • Weakness.
fluid retention.  Swollen feet
Swelling in the legs and feet affects the treatment of hypotension. Therefore, doctors recommend using special stockings so that the blood circulates and regulates itself. – Photo: Getty Images/iStockphoto

When a patient presents a blood pressure below the normal standards and does not present symptoms and in addition to this, she is a healthy patient; Generally, it does not require treatment, but if necessary, it must be determined that it is generating this drop in blood pressure and, in turn, clearly know what symptoms this condition is generating.

Mayo Clinic recommends that the patient suffering from this condition that in the presence of any of the symptoms mentioned above sit down or lie down immediately, then you should raise your feet above the level of your heart.

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“People with neurally mediated hypotension should avoid triggers, such as prolonged standing. Other treatments include drinking plenty of fluids and increasing the amount of salt in the diet.”

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