When talking about skin rashes, which lead to itching and the appearance of red spots and bumps, they are referring to dermatitis. Here we tell you what to do if you experience this.
On the one hand, National Institute of Health (NIH) explains that skin inflammations are medically known as dermatitis. The skin acts as a barrier that defends the body from the outside world, so it is full of immune cells, which are responsible for preventing the entry of viruses, bacteria and other invaders. At the slightest presence of a threat, microorganisms will release a plan to contain it and return it outside.
However, there are strong bacteria that manage to cross the barrier of the dermis, leading to an infection. Among all the complications, one of the most dangerous is atopic dermatitis. Although it is common in babies from two to six months, it can also occur in adults.
According to information from MedlinePlusis a long-term chronic skin disorder that presents with itchy, scaly rashes. If a person gets it, they will have itching, swelling, and a reddening of the skin. On the surface, patients experience the common symptoms of any infection, but the real danger is that atopic dermatitis leaves the body in a weakened state.making it prone to other serious complications.
The following factors worsen the symptoms of the skin disorder or are responsible for it:
- Allergies to pollen, mold, dust mites, or animals.
- Colds and dry air in the winter.
- Colds or the flu.
- Contact with irritating materials and chemicals.
Because the skin barrier is weak, the body is exposed to other external threats. For example, if the degree of dermatitis is high, the patient may contract lung or other diseases that directly affect the muscles and bones. In addition, the wounds caused by the red spots can become infected with other bacteria, to the point that gangrene can develop.
The warning signs are the symptoms that become visible, which are the following:
- Blisters that ooze and form crusts.
- Dry skin all over the body or bumpy areas on the back of the arms and the front of the thighs.
- Discharge or bleeding from the ear.
- Raw skin areas from scratching.
- Changes in the color of the skin, such as more or less color with respect to the normal tone of the skin.
- Redness or inflammation of the skin around the blisters.
- Thick or leathery areas, which can occur after scratching or prolonged irritation.
The degree of the eruptions depends on the age of the patient, as well as the place on the body where it appeared. For example, in boys and girls younger than two years, skin lesions begin on the face, scalp, hands, and feet. This is often an itchy rash with blisters that ooze or crust over.
In the case of minors over the age of two and adults, the rash appears on the knees, elbows, neck, hands, and feet. In certain cases, there may be appearances on the eyelids and genitals. However, whatever the population, intense itching will always be present.
The symptoms are reason enough to go to a medical center, where a health specialist will carry out the pertinent procedures to find the root of the problem and provide the respective treatment.
The diagnosis is based on two elements: the way the skin looks, and personal and family history. In addition, skin tests for allergies will be carried out, which will determine if it is indeed an atopic dermatitis or another allergic condition.
Finally and with sufficient information, the treatment will begin. Being a skin disorder that depends on the severity of the eruptions, the procedure can be from home care with medicines and creams, to hospitalizations.